1262 - Alfonso X the Wise conquered the city of Cadiz, until then under Andalusian domain.
1264 - Alfonso X the Wise conquered the major Muslim stronghold of Sanlucar de Barrameda (Cádiz).
1593 - Argentina: the Spanish Francisco Murguia Argañaraz and founded the city of San Salvador de Jujuy.
1923 - Miguel Primo de Rivera became a dictador.
1580 – Francisco de Quevedo,poet and politician (d. 1645)
1846 - Joaquín Costa, politician.
1897 - Eduardo Blanco Amor, writer and journalist.
1923 - Fabián Estapé, economistl (d. 2012)
1926 - María del Carmen Franco, Duchess of Franco and of Spain, the only daughter of Francisco Franco and his wife, Carmen Polo. Marquesa widow of Villaverde.
1942 - Félix Pons, politician (d. 2010)
1948 - Mario Conde, financier and lawyer
1950 - Matías Prats Luque, journalist.
1969 - Malena Gracia, actress and model.
1986 - Michelle Jenner, actress.
1709 - Luis Fernandez de Portocarrero, ecclesiastical and politician, archbishop of Toledo.
1800 - Juan Ignacio González del Castillo, playwright.
1904 - Manuel Ossorio y Bernard journalist
1916 – Jose Echegaray y Eizaguirre, mathematician, playwright, politician and engineer Caminos, who made important contributions to mathematics and physics, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1904.
1942 - Rubén Ruiz Ibárruri, communist soldier, Hero of the Soviet Union a título póstumo.
1960 - Eloy Vaquero Cantillo, politician.
1977 - Sandra Mozarowsky, actress (b. 1958)
1989 - Nicolás Cabrera, scientist (b. 1913)
2006 - José Antonio Nieves Conde, filmmaker and journalist (b. 1911)
2007 - Emilio Ruiz del Rio, filmmaker.
2014 - Isidoro Alvarez, businessman, president of El Corte Ingles and chairman of the board of the Ramon Areces Foundation.
After watching rival Lionel Messi score twice the night before, Cristiano Ronaldo did likewise for Real Madrid to open its bid for a third straight Champions League title with a 3-0 win over Cypriot club APOEL
Spain's state prosecutor on Wednesday ordered a criminal probe of Catalan mayors who cooperate with an October 1st independence referendum deemed illegal by Madrid and threatened to arrest those who do not comply.
A woman with an estelada or Catalan independence flag on her back hugs a man during the Catalan National Day in Barcelona, Spain, Monday Sept. 11, 2017. Hundreds of thousands are expected to rally in Barcelona to show support for an independent Catal
People holds up a giant estelada or independence flag during the Catalan National Day in Barcelona, Spain, Monday Sept. 11, 2017.Hundreds of thousands rally in Barcelona to show support for an independent Catalan nation and the right to vote in a con
Family members wearing estelada or independence flags on their back walk at the end of a big rally during the Catalan National Day in Barcelona, Spain, Monday Sept. 11, 2017. Some thousands rally in Barcelona to show support for an independent Catala